28 Mar

BGP Additional Paths

BGP routers only advertise the best path to their neighbors. When a better path is found, it replaces the current path. Advertising a path and replacing it with a new path is called an implicit withdraw.

Since we only advertise the best path, a lot of other possible paths are unknown to some of the routers. We call this path hiding.

Extra notes on additional path command syntax:

  • neighbor neighbor-id additional-paths send: We use this to configure the router so it sends multiple BGP paths to a neighbor.
  • neighbor neighbor-id additional-paths receive: If you have a neighbor that sends multiple paths, that’s nice but you still have to configure your local router that it wants to receive multiple paths.
  • bgp additional-paths select : you receive a bunch of paths from your neighbor but you can still configure your router which of these paths you actually want to use.
  • bgp additional-paths install: this tells the router to actually install a backup path that you selected with the “bgp additional-paths install” command.
  • neighbor neighbor-id advertise additional-paths: This configures your router which additional-paths you want to advertise to a neighbor. “all” means all additional-paths.

Reference:
https://networklessons.com/bgp/bgp-additional-paths
https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/iproute_bgp/configuration/xe-3s/irg-xe-3s-book/irg-additional-paths.html